1st Set Civic Education Modules

Voter Education Module

2nd Set Civic Education Modules

Voter Education Manual

3rd Set Civic Education Modules

4th Set of Modules

Consolidated Modules

Rock Point 256

rock point 256 logoCommunication for Development Foundation Uganda (CDFU) produces and broadcasts the award winning radio serial drama Rock Point 256. Through the serial drama which started in 2005, CDFU reaches over an estimated 6,000,000 Ugandans with key messages addressing a range of issues including HIV&AIDS, sexual and reproductive health, nutrition, child health, Gender Based Violence (GBV), malaria and civic education.  Click here to listen.

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This module is intended to make the citizens of Uganda acquire knowledge to enable them participate in and appreciate democratic and multiparty systems of governance. In most countries all over the world today, governments are engaged in building or consolidating democratic principles and structures. The countries that practice democracy base their guidance on the “will of the people”. This means that the people have the power to decide freely, how they want to be governed. Both the 1962 and 1967 Constitutions of Uganda provided for the multiparty political system and the system existed until 1986 when the National Resistance Movement Government decided to restrict political party activities. The NRM introduced the movement political system through which among other things, political leaders would be elected on individual merit and not based on their political affiliation. The then existing political parties were allowed to maintain their headquarters but they could not hold rallies or sponsor candidates for elections.

The 1995 Constitution of Uganda provides for a multiparty political system and in 2005 after a national referendum, the multiparty system was restored and political parties were allowed to function and to sponsor candidates for presidential, parliamentary and Local Governments elections. Although the multiparty political system was restored in 2005 the people have not yet internalized the workings of the system. In the report on the DGF Baseline Study on Democracy, Justice, Human Rights and Accountability in Uganda, the following observation was made about multiparty democracy: “As found in previous surveys, Ugandans know and can explain the values of multiparty democracy and there is a high level of agreement of the benefit on this system. And although not addressed during the current survey, Afrobarometer Round 5 found considerable support for multiparty democracy, with 84% disapproving of a one-party system. Yet people continue to be concerned by the high levels of inter-party conflict, lack of tolerance and divisiveness of the system as it plays out in Uganda. Experience with multipartyism since 2005 does not seem to have diminished these concerns and people still perceive the system as leading to chaos, disruption and corruption, indicating that education on how political parties operate and the tactics and methods they employ to try to sway  voters  may  be  required.  
Political  parties  too  might  consider toning down their rhetoric and levels of passion when speaking to the media and in public as a way of wooing voters with a more tolerant style of politicking” Therefore, this suggests that there is a need for civic education providers to focus on the content of democracy, multiparty system and roles of citizens in their governance.


  1. To increase the citizens’ level of awareness and responsiveness to democratic principles and practices.
  2. To equip citizens with knowledge and skills to fully participate in a multiparty system of governance.
  3. To empower citizens to participate fully in the governance and development of their country.


By the time you go through this module, you should be able to:

  1. Define the word democracy.
  2. Explain the underlying principles of democracy.
  3. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of democratic practices.
  4. Discuss the importance of democratic principles and practices in relation to our lives.
  5. Explain the underlying principles of a multiparty system.
  6. fEffectively participate in the process of decision making in a multiparty democracy.
  7. Relate elections to democratic principles and practices at all levels.
  8. Relate multiparty system to democratic principles and practices in Uganda.

Key messages

  1. Democracy ensures the rule of law and protects the rights of citizens
  2. All power belongs to the people who exercise it through their elected leaders
  3. Your participation is critical for democracy to work and nation building
  4. All citizens are equal regardless of their gender, status and religion
  5. Democracy provides for checks and balances in government
  6. Democracy protects the rights and interests of both majority and minority citizens
  7. Women have equal rights before the law and equal chance to hold power or authority
  8. Your choice gives you a government you deserve
  9. Women participation in democratic processes is critical
  10. It is your right as a citizen of 18 years and above to participate in elections
  11. Elections give people a chance to check their leaders and put a new government in place
  12. Participating in electoral mal-practices is a crime
  13. In a multiparty system different actors compete for political power and space
  14. Opposition parties are watch dogs to government and provide alternative policies
  15. It is your right to belong to and participate in the affairs of a political party or political organization of your choice
  16. People exercise their power through elected leaders and leaders must be accountable and answerable to them
  17. People have a right to raise concerns when democratic principles are violated
  18. Through a democratic election, citizens determine which political party or political organization forms government or opposition
  19. One man one vote
  20. Citizens have a right to exercise their power to recall and sanction non performing elected leaders
  21. Leaders are servants of citizens who vote them to power
  22. Everyone’s view counts in decision making
  23. Always be tolerant to other peoples’ views and decisions even when you do not agree with them

Key Sub topics

  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding democracy
  3. Meaning of democracy
  4. General principles of democratic governance
  5. Types of democratic practices
  6. Different systems of democracy
  7. Importance of Democratic Principles and Practices
  8. Understanding Multiparty System
  9. Effective participation and decision making in a multiparty democracy
  10. Democracy and elections in a multiparty system


The terms “Governance” and “Good Governance” are increasingly being used in people’s day to day lives. Strong arguments are commonly held that without “Good Governance”, the poor and the developing countries cannot achieve economic growth and development. Bad governance is increasingly being viewed as the main cause behind all ills confronting many societies. Major donors and international financial institutions are increasingly basing their aid and loans on condition that Good Governance reforms are undertaken. By linking governance as a  condition for development aid, the international donor community has given prominence to governance issues.

Good Governance is specified as one of the targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Uganda as a country has embraced MDG as a development framework and has accordingly developed Vision 2040, a national development plan, and medium term expenditure framework to pursue and operationalise the development agenda. Government has put in place a legal and institutional framework to enhance transparency and accountability in managing public affairs.

Good Governance promotes the state capacity to fulfill its responsibility and provide both needs and rights based services to the public. It further promotes accountability and transparency to ensure that services are accessible and acceptable to all.The Democratic Governance Facility (DGF) Baseline Study on democracy, human rights and accountability of July 2013 among other recommendations, recommends the need to enhance education on Good Governance and Human Rights


The aim of this module is to promote Good Governance and empower citizens to hold their leaders accountable at all levels.


By the end of this module, you should be able to:

  1. Define the term Good Governance;
  2. Identify characteristics/pillars of Good Governance;
  3. Explain the importance and functions of Good Governance;
  4. Explain ways of establishing Good Governance;
  5. Demonstrate the understanding of Service Delivery; and
  6. Describe Good Governance and Service Delivery at different levels

Key messages

  1. Good Governance begins with you and me
  2. Accountability and transparency are key to Good Governance and promote service delivery
  3. Good Governance, checks corruption
  4. Active citizenry promotes Good Governance
  5. Favouritism and unfairness have no place in Good Governance
  6. Every adult Ugandan in a village is a member of the LC 1 council, this makes him/her a Councilor of LC 1
  7. People should hold their leaders accountable at all levels
  8. Good Governance is a responsibility for all
  9. As a citizen, your rights are protected
  10. Law protects the vigilant; know it, influence it, protect it
  11. Ignorance of law is no defence
  12. Government services are for all, be responsible and supportive
  13. Government services are financed through taxes
  14. Bring services nearer to the people
  15. Educate a woman; educate a nation
  16. A healthy community, a healthy nation

Sub topics

  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding Good Governance
  3. Concept and Meaning of Good Governance
  4. Principles/Pillars of Good Governance
  5. Importance and Functions of Good Governance
  6. Understanding Service Delivery
  7. Governance and Service Delivery at Different Levels


Every society relies on leadership for direction, cohesion and progress. Failure of leadership often leads to confusion, lawlessness and under development. To exercise effective leadership, you must be visionary, inspiring, supportive and influential. Effective leaders work well with others, motivate co-workers and seem not to make demands on subordinates. Unfortunately some leaders do not demonstrate the above characteristics. However, leadership skills and knowledge can be developed overtime through experience and training. Exercise of leadership within the Ugandan Constitutional context comes with responsibility and accountability. Those in leadership are therefore expected to execute their leadership role diligently and they are at the same time accountable to their people.


To enable citizens know the roles and responsibilities of their leaders so that they can hold them accountable.
To equip civic educators with requisite knowledge needed to empower citizens influence their leaders.

Specific Objectives

By the time you go through this module, you should be able to:

  1. Define a leader;
  2. Explain the importance and roles of a leader in democracy;
  3. Explain the different types of leaders;
  4. Explain the different behavioral styles of leaders;
  5. Explain the characteristics of a good leader;
  6. Explain the mechanism for promoting leadership;
  7. Explain how leaders can be held accountable; and
  8. Explain the mechanisms for fighting corruption.

Key Messages

  1. A good leader is an asset in society
  2. Good leaders do not destroy, they build societies
  3. Leadership is doing the right thing at the right time
  4. Men and women equally provide good leadership
  5. Good leaders inspire, they do not dictate
  6. An effective leader is a people- centered person
  7. Leaders who are accountable deserve respect and honour
  8. It is your duty as a citizen to promote accountability and Good Leadership
  9. Corruption is a disease, avoid it!
  10. People have a right to exercise their power to recall and sanction non performing elected leaders
  11. All people have access to leadership position at all levels subject to the Constitution and other written laws

Sub topics

1. The Importance and functions of leadership.
    a. Meaning of leadership
    b. Importance of leadership
    c. Roles and responsibilities of leaders
2. Know your leaders.
    a. Types of leaders
    b. Behavioural styles of leaders
    c. Characteristics of a good leader
3. Accountability framework for Leaders
    a. The basis for holding leaders accountable
    b. Areas of Accountability and key actors
    c. Framework for Accountability and Good Leadership
4. Corruption

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